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Published: 17 May 2019

Approximately as many open job vacancies in the first quarter as one year earlier

There were 63,100 open job vacancies in the first quarter of 2019, while the figure was 60,100 one year before. The share of part-time vacancies of all open vacancies decreased compared to the previous year. These data derive from Statistics Finland's statistics on open job vacancies and describe the situation on the first day of March.

Job vacancies 2018/I – 2019/I

2018/I 2019/I
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 60 100   63 100  
Part-time 15 700 26 11 100 18
Fixed term 29 400 49 33 000 52
Hard-to-fill vacancies 27 100 45 27 000 43
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the first quarter of 2019, in all, 43,400 or 69 per cent of the job vacancies were in establishments owned by private enterprises. Compared with the corresponding period of the previous year, the number of open job vacancies increased especially in the local government sector (+3,700) and in establishments with 10 to 49 employees (+3,900). When examined by the industry of the establishment, job vacancies increased most in the industry groups of public administration, education, human health and social work activities (O-Q), and manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other industry (B-E), and decreased especially in the industry group of trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities (G-I).

In the first quarter, 18 per cent of the job vacancies were part-time, while the corresponding share one year earlier was 26 per cent. The decreased share of part-time vacancies is partly explained by job vacancies increasing in such industries, where there were relatively few part-time jobs. Around one-half of all open vacancies were fixed-term, as in the corresponding period of the previous year. The share of fixed-term jobs is usually high in the first quarter due to the search for summer employees, for example. There were plenty of fixed-term jobs available in health and social work (Q), trade (G) and manufacturing (C) establishments, for instance. Of all job vacancies, employers estimated that 43 per cent were hard to fill, which is close to the level one year earlier. For example, establishments in health and social work (Q) and construction (F) had plenty of jobs considered hard-to-fill.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private and public sector establishments . The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics. The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of figures and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page

Source: Job vacancy survey 2019, 1st quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Tables in databases

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Appendix tables


Updated 17.5.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 1st quarter 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 10.12.2023].
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