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Published: 18 August 2020

Fewer open job vacancies in the second quarter than one year earlier

The number of open job vacancies was 35,400 in the second quarter of 2020, while the figure was 50,900 one year before. Open job vacancies decreased particularly in the major region of Helsinki-Uusimaa. These data derive from Statistics Finland's statistics on open job vacancies and describe the situation on the first day of June.

Job vacancies 2019/II – 2020/II

2019/II 2020/II
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 50 900   35 400  
Part-time 6 600 13 5 800 16
Fixed term 16 900 33 14 100 40
Hard-to-fill vacancies 30 400 60 15 400 44
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the second quarter of 2020, in all, 24,700 or 70 per cent of the job vacancies were in establishments owned by private enterprises, while one year earlier the figure was 37,700, or 74 per cent of all open job vacancies. Job vacancies decreased compared to the corresponding period of the previous year in establishments of all sizes. Examined by the industry of the establishment, the number of job vacancies decreased most (-6,600) in the industry group of trade, transportation and storage, accommodation and food service activities (G to I). Open job vacancies decreased particularly in the major region of Helsinki-Uusimaa (-8,300).

In the second quarter of the year, 40 per cent of all open job vacancies were fixed-term positions, while one year earlier the corresponding share was 33 per cent. Sixteen per cent of all open job vacancies were part-time positions. Employers estimated that 44 per cent of the open job vacancies were hard-to-fill, while the corresponding share one year earlier was 60 per cent. Compared to the previous year, recruitment difficulties experienced by employers decreased particularly in trade (G) and manufacturing (C) establishments. For example, establishments in human health and social work activities (Q) still had plenty of jobs considered hard to fill.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private or public sector establishments. The survey is answered with either a web questionnaire or a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics. The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of figures and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page

Source: Job vacancy survey 2020, 2nd quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Tables in databases

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Appendix tables


Updated 18.8.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 2nd quarter 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 5.12.2023].
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