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Published: 21 September 2016

Total energy consumption rose by 4 per cent in January to June

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in January to June amounted to 695 petajoule (PJ), which was four per cent more than in the corresponding period in 2015. Electricity consumption amounted to 44 terawatt hours (TWh), which is three per cent more than one year earlier. Carbon dioxide emissions of the energy sector rose by five per cent year-on-year. Colder weather than last year contributed to the rise in energy consumption.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

Among fuels, the consumption of wood fuels increased most in January to June, by five per cent. Oil and coal rose by four per cent and peat by three per cent. Compared with the first half of 2015, only the consumption of natural gas went down by five per cent.

Net imports of electricity grew by 15 per cent in January to June compared with the corresponding period of last year. Net imports of electricity have never before been as large in the first half of the year and their share of total consumption grew to 22 per cent. The growth in wind power levelled off to ten per cent after a couple of years of strong growth. The use of hydro power increased by three per cent and that of nuclear power by two per cent.

In January to June, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 3.3 billion, which was 16 per cent less than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was 61 per cent. Energy products were exported to the value of EUR 1.7 billion, which was six per cent more than one year previously. Most energy products were exported from Finland to EU countries, which accounted for 82 per cent of the value of exports. The fallen world market price of oil contributed to the reduction in the value of imports of energy products. In turn, the maintenance shutdown of oil production in the second quarter of last year partly caused the slight rise in exports of energy products.

Stocks of coal amounted to 17 TWh at the end of June, which was 30 per cent less than one year earlier. At the end of June, it was estimated that the peat stocks contained 16 TWh of energy peat, which was 22 per cent more than one year earlier.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source 1) I-II/2016* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 155,660 4 22
Coal 2) 59,476 4 9
Natural gas 3) 42,054 -5 6
Nuclear Energy 4) 120,990 2 17
Net Imports of Electricity 5) 33,866 15 5
Hydro power 5) 30,795 3 4
Wind power 5) 4,386 10 1
Peat 31,037 3 5
Wood fuels 188,597 5 27
Others 6) 28,463 5 4
Bunkers 15,773 -15 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 22 5 .
1) *Preliminary
2) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
3) The consumption of natural gas does not include raw material use.
4) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
5) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
6) Others: includes exothermic heat from industry, recovered fuels and heat pumps.

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 21.9.2016

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 2nd quarter 2016. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 28.2.2024].
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