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Published: 28 March 2019

Total consumption of energy increased by 2 per cent in 2018

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total consumption of energy in 2018 amounted to 1.38 terajoule (TJ), which corresponded to a growth of two cent compared with the previous year. The growth was due to the increased use of both fossil fuels and peat and renewable energy sources. Carbon dioxide emissions from the energy use of fuels went up by three per cent, which was particularly influenced by the growing use of peat. Total consumption of electricity went up by two per cent to 87 terawatt hours (TWh).

Total energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2018*

Total energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions 1990–2018*

In 2018, the consumption of renewable energy sources increased by three per cent and their share of total energy consumption grew by one percentage point to 37 per cent. The consumption of black liquor from forestry went up by nine per cent. As a result, the consumption of wood fuels grew in total by four per cent and with the share of 27 per cent they were the most used energy source in Finland. Production of wind power grew by 22 per cent and that of hydro power in turn fell by 10 per cent.

The use of fossil fuels and peat increased by two per cent from the previous year and their share of total energy consumption was 40 per cent. For oil and coal, consumption fell by one to two per cent. By contrast, the consumption of natural gas increased by 12 per cent. In the cold period in the early part of the year, the challenges presented by the acquisition of wood fuels significantly increased the consumption of peat. In the whole year, the consumption of peat was 24 per cent higher than in the year before. After wood fuels, oil was the second most significant energy source with a 22 per cent share of total energy consumption.

Domestic production of electricity in 2018 was 67 TWh, which was four per cent more than one year ago. Around one-third of electricity was produced with nuclear energy. Nearly as much electricity was produced with combined heat and power production. Production of hydro power fell on account of the poor water situation for a third year in a row, which in part had an effect on the 49 per cent growth in condensate power. Production of wind power increased by 22 per cent and its share of total electricity production rose to nine per cent. Solar power is growing briskly and the electricity produced with it nearly quadrupled from the previous year. Despite this, production of solar power only corresponded to two per mil of total production. In all, 20 TWh of total electricity consumption, or 23 per cent, was covered with net imports of electricity. The amount of net imports rose slightly from the previous year and Russia's share of imports grew.

Final consumption of energy went up as a whole by two per cent. The growth was biggest in manufacturing, four per cent. The share of manufacturing in total final consumption stood at 48 per cent. The consumption of heating energy for buildings remained on level with the previous year and their share of total energy consumption was 25 per cent. For transport, final energy consumption fell by one per cent and its share was 16 per cent.

Net imports of electricity to Finland amounted to 20.4 TWh, which corresponded to 24 per cent of total electricity consumption. Compared with 2016, net imports of electricity grew by eight per cent, which was mainly caused by a 44 per cent fall in exports of electricity. Finland's largest electricity import countries in 2017 were Sweden and Russia. Most electricity was imported from Sweden, 15.3 TWh. Electricity imports from Russia were 5.8 TWh. Almost all exports of electricity from Finland were directed to Estonia, amounting to 1.7 TWh.

Last year, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 10.7 billion, which was 21 per cent more than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was around 61 per cent. Respectively, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 5.4 billion, which was around 14 per cent more than in the year before.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source, TJ 4) 2018* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 307,563 -2 22
Coal 1) 112,121 -1 8
Natural gas 73,576 12 5
Nuclear energy 2) 238,784 2 17
Net imports of electricity 3) 71,769 -2 5
Hydro power 3) 47,322 -10 3
Wind power 3) 21,086 22 2
Peat 66,696 24 5
Wood fuels 376,338 4 27
Others 67,751 6 5
Bunkers 46,019 7 .
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 41 3 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 28.3.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 4th quarter 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 28.2.2024].
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