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Latest publication: Trend Indicator of Output 2022, January

Published: 6 November 2008

Output of the national economy fell in August

According to the original series, output was 0.9 per cent smaller than in August of the year before. Seasonally adjusted output fell by 0.3 per cent in August from the month before. August 2008 had two working days less than the corresponding month of the previous year. Adjusted for working days, output increased by one per cent from August 2007. The data derive from Statistics Finland's Trend Indicator of Output.

Volume of total output 2003 - 2008, trend and seasonally adjusted series

The series of the Trend Indicator of Output are seasonally adjusted with the Tramo/Seats method. The latest observations of the series adjusted for seasonal and random variation (seasonally adjusted and trend series) become revised with new observations in seasonal adjustment methods.

Percentage changes of total output from previous year's corresponding month

Examined according to the original series, primary and secondary production are estimated to have contracted by just under two per cent and services by just under one per cent from August of the previous year. Adjusted for working days, primary production stayed on level with the year before while secondary production and services increased by one per cent from August 2007. Secondary production includes manufacturing and construction. Services comprise trade, hotel and restaurant industries, transport and business activities as well as real estate, renting and research services, financial intermediation and insurance, and public services. Primary production refers to agriculture, forestry and fishery.

The former Monthly Indicator of Total Output is being revised

Starting from the February 2008 release, these statistics are published as the Trend Indicator of Output. The calculation of the indicator has been harmonised with the calculation methods of quarterly accounts output, and the development work will continue in 2008. The calculation of industry-specific data is now primarily based on value data deflated with previous year's average prices. This produces volume figures at previous year's prices, in which the previous year is always the base year. Volume changes at previous year's prices are used to chain a continuous volume series at reference year 2000 prices with the so-called annual overlap method. This series is published as the Trend Indicator of Output. This method corresponds to the deflation and chaining method applied to quarterly accounts output. In this publication the calculation of value data is based on 64 sources and the description of price development on 60 sources. The time series have been completely revised from 1996 onwards in accordance with the new sources and methods.

The volume of the source data used in the calculation of the Trend Indicator of Output has been increased significantly and the calculation is performed at a more detailed level than before (2-digit level of the Standard Industrial Classification). The publication level is primary production, secondary production and services. In the published indicator already a considerable proportion of the source data used in the calculation has been changed to comply with the revised quarterly accounts. As a rule, the source data used for manufacturing and private services are preliminary data from indices of turnover and the source data used for public services are preliminary data from wage and salary indices. As regards the other industries, development work still continues.

Source: Trend Indicator of Output 2008, August. Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Mr Veli-Pekka Karvinen +358 9 1734 2667, Mr Samu Hakala +358 9 1734 3756,

Director in charge: Mr Ari Tyrkkö


Tables in databases

Last updated 6.11.2008

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Trend Indicator of Output [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-5439. August 2008. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 17.8.2022].
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