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Building stock 2009

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2009 there were 1,434,000 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 429 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 299 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 747 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Buildings by intended use on 31 Dec. 2009

                 Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 433 890 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1 224 209 85,4
Detached houses 1 092 363 76,2
Attached houses 75 618 5,3
Blocks of flats 56 228 3,9
C-N Other bulldings 209 771 14,6
C Commercial buildings 41 697 2,9
D Office buildings 10 748 0,7
E Traffic buildings 54 535 3,8
F Institutional buildings 7 993 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 13 432 0,9
H Educational buildings 8 868 0,6
J Industrial buildings 40 173 2,8
K Warehouses 26 712 1,9
L,N Other bulldings 5 613 0,4

The building stock grew by 13,000

There were 1,434,000 buildings in Finland at the end of 2009. The building stock grew by 13,000 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 272,000, or by about 23 per cent, from 1990. There are about 77,000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only five per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

Over 66 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3.6 million, i.e. 68 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 25,000 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,088,000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 300 such landmarks in Finland, 200 of them blocks of flat.

Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Marja Hermiö (09) 1734 3211, Arja Tiihonen (09) 1734 3272, Elina Aspblad-Huohvanainen (09) 1734 3232,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Updated 28.5.2010

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2009, Building stock 2009 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 13.4.2024].
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