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Building stock 2010

Most of the building stock was residential buildings

At the end of 2010 there were 1,446,000 buildings in Finland (excluding free-time residences and agricultural buildings). Most of the building stock, particularly residential buildings was built after the 1970s. The gross floor area of the building stock totalled about 434 million square metres. The average gross floor area of all buildings was about 307 square metres; in other than residential buildings the average gross floor area was about 811 square metres. Residential buildings accounted for 63 per cent of the total gross floor area.

Table 2. Number of buildings by intended use on 31 Dec. 2010

                 Buildings Per cent of total buildings (%)
BUILDINGS TOTAL 1 446 096 100,0
A.Residential buildings 1234602 85,4
Detached houses 1101707 76,2
Attached houses 76241 5,3
Blocks of flats 56654 3,9
C-N Other bulldings 211494 14,6
C Commercial buildings 41961 2,9
D Office buildings 10835 0,7
E Traffic buildings 54716 3,8
F Institutional buildings 8058 0,6
G Buildings for assembly 13509 0,9
H Educational buildings 8903 0,6
J Industrial buildings 40629 2,8
K Warehouses 27170 1,9
L,N Other bulldings 5713 0,4

The building stock grew by 12,000

There were 1,446,000 buildings in Finland at the end of 2010. The building stock grew by 12,000 from the year before. The number of buildings has increased by 284,000, or by about 24 per cent, from 1990. There are about 77,000 old buildings completed prior to 1921, i.e. only five per cent of the building stock. Three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. Blocks of flats and terraced houses accounted for only one-tenth of the total number of buildings. Blocks of flats accounted for about one-third of the total gross floor area of all residential buildings.

Two-thirds one-storey buildings

67 per cent of the building stock were one-storey buildings. That is because three-quarters of the building stock were detached houses. One and two-storey buildings account for altogether 95 per cent of the total building stock. A total of 3.6 million, i.e. 69 per cent, of the population in Finland live in buildings with one or two storeys. There were 26,000 buildings with four storeys or more and just over one million (1,104,000) Finns lived in them. Buildings with ten storeys and more are quite rare. There are approximately 300 such landmarks in Finland, 200 of them blocks of flat.

Source: Buildings and Free-time Residences, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Marja Hermiö (09) 1734 3211, Arja Tiihonen (09) 1734 3272, Elina Aspblad-Huohvanainen (09) 1734 3232,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

Updated 26.5.2011

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Buildings and free-time residences [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-6796. 2010, Building stock 2010 . Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 23.4.2024].
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