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Published: 24 September 2021

Households’ net assets grew in 2020

Households’ financial assets amounted to EUR 354.5 billion and other assets to EUR 520.1 billion at the end of 2020. Financial assets increased by EUR 23.4 billion during the year and other assets grew by EUR 16.2 billion. The most important items in other assets, that is, non-financial assets, are residential buildings and land. Households’ liabilities also grew, in total by EUR 10.1 billion, so the level of liabilities rose to EUR 193 billion. When liabilities are deducted from financial assets and other assets, households’ net assets are EUR 681.6 billion. These data appear from Statistics Finland's financial accounts statistics.

Households’ financial assets 2000–2020, EUR billion

Households’ financial assets 2000–2020, EUR billion

Growth of households’ net assets continued

Households’ net assets have grown continuously after the drop in 2008. In 2020, the level of net assets was EUR 681.6 billion. In 2020, EUR 29.5 billion more net assets were accumulated. The development has been affected by the growth in both financial assets and non-financial assets. Households’ debt burden has also grown every year, but financial and non-financial assets have grown faster than indebtedness.

Deposits still continue as the biggest individual financial investment instrument. Despite low interest rates, the amount of households’ deposits grew by EUR 9.2 billion during 2020. At the end of 2020, households’ financial assets amounted to EUR 106.4 billion in deposits.

The total value of quoted shares and mutual fund shares held by households was EUR 77.9 billion. The growth from the end of the previous year amounted to EUR 9.7 billion mainly due to holding gains.

Households’ indebtedness ratio rose by 5.4 percentage points

Households' indebtedness ratio has risen annually nearly continuously since 1997. The growth rate of households’ debts continued in 2020 as well. Households’ loan debts amounted to EUR 162.5 billion at the end of 2020. The growth in loan debts raised households' indebtedness ratio by 5.4 percentage points over the year to 133.3 per cent. In this connection, loan debts are not compared to financial assets or total assets but to disposable income.

Households’ indebtedness ratio 1977 to 2020, loan debt in proportion to disposable income

Households’ indebtedness ratio 1977 to 2020, loan debt in proportion to disposable income

Source: Financial Accounts, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Timo Ristimäki 029 551 2324, Roope Rahikka 029 551 3338,

Head of Department in charge: Katri Kaaja

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Updated 24.9.2021

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Financial accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=1458-8145. 2020. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 4.3.2024].
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