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Published: 30 September 2019

Finland's inward FDI decreased in 2018

The value of direct investments to Finland decreased from EUR 75.0 billion to EUR 62.4 billion during 2018. Investments as financial transactions were made to Finland for EUR -2.1 billion on net, that is the investments decreased. The drop in the stock of direct investments is, however, mainly explained by valuation changes, EUR -10.5 billion.

FDI investment stocks in 2004 to 2018

FDI investment stocks in 2004 to 2018
¹) Starting from 2013, the figures are not fully comparable with those for 2004 to 2012 due to changes in the international statistical standard.

At the end of 2018, the value of the stock of Finland's outward FDI was EUR 111.7 billion, of which equity accounted for EUR 115.4 billion and the value of debt capital for EUR -3.7 billion. The stock of outward FDI grew by EUR 9.4 billion from the year before. In 2018, Finland’s financial transactions recorded as outward FDI stood at EUR 9.3 billion on net.

Examined by country group, investments to Finland mainly came from the EU area, whose combined share of the investment stock was 90 per cent at the end of 2018. The share of the euro area in the stock of Finland’s inward FDI was 50 per cent.

In 2018, returns on inward FDI amounted in total to EUR 8.6 billion and on outward FDI to EUR 6.6 billion. Returns gained by Finland relative to the value of FDI remained on last year’s level. In 2018, the rate of return was 7.7 per cent.

This release includes a review that examines the development of foreign direct investments in 2018 in more detail

Source: Foreign direct investments 2018, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Roope Rahikka 029 551 3338,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

Publication in pdf-format (370.7 kB)


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Updated 30.09.2019

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Foreign direct investments [e-publication].
ISSN=2342-351X. 2018. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 25.2.2024].
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