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Statistics on living conditions

Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://
Main topic: Living Conditions
Related topics: Income and Consumption
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): Yes


The statistics on living conditions describe the living conditions of the household population from different perspectives, such as risk of poverty or social exclusion, subjective well-being and livelihood, health and housing by population group in Finland. Data are collected yearly with the income and living conditions survey. These sample data are also used for the production of the income distribution statistics and Finland's data for Eurostat's EU-SILC survey. Some of the data published in the statistics are collected only at set intervals, but some yearly.

Data content

The statistics describe the life situation of the sampled person and this person’s household members. In the publication the statistical units are both persons and households.

The main result data collected in the interview are

  • The sample person's experience of his or her own health and well-being
  • Material deprivation experienced by the sample person and the whole household
  • The household's difficulties in making ends meet, arrears and indebtedness
  • The household's mode of housing, housing expenditure and costs and data describing the quality of the dwelling
  • Children’s material standard of living and children’s health
  • Availability of various services

The target population consists of private households permanently living in Finland at the end of the statistical reference year, or the so-called household population.

The statistical data are public but the basic data from the survey are confidential. An unidentifiable data set for research use is produced from the database and its use is subject to a separate permission.

Classifications used

The person's age, the household's socio-economic group, the household's income level, the household’s stage in life, regional classifications

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistics on living conditions are a sample survey where the final sample size is around 10,000 households. The data of households and persons are collected with interviews and from administrative registers. The content of the interview data collection consists of key variables describing the household and persons in question, question modules describing living conditions, and data depicting for example housing, debts and economic livelihood.

Most of the data depicting persons and households (e.g. level of education, marital status, income bracket) are derived from registers.

Data collections

Updating frequency


Time of completion or release

The data for the statistics are published around sixteen months after the end of the statistical reference year.

Time series


living conditions, subjective livelihood, livelihood, risk of poverty, risk of social exclusion, subjective well-being, health, housing, socio-economic group, households

Contact information

Last updated 24.05.2019