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Producer: Statistics Finland
Homepage: http://
Main topic: Population
Related topics: Labour Market
Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Yes
European Statistical System (ESS): No


Employment statistics are annual statistics providing data by region on the population’s economic activity and employment. The population for the statistics is the permanently resident population in the country on the last day of the year. The data are mainly derived from administrative registers and statistical data files. The unit-specific data of the employment statistics are confidential by virtue of the Statistics Act. Data can be compiled by all regional divisions based on municipalities and co-ordinates and by postal code areas.

Data content

The produced data describe the population’s main type of activity, occupation, status in occupation, number of workplaces, location of workplace, and education and income of the population and labour force.

The reference period of the statistics is the last week of the year, but the statistics also contain data accumulated during the statistical reference year (e.g. income data, months of employment and unemployment). Data on occupation and socio-economic group are available for the years 1990, 1993, 1995 and 2000. Data on occupation and socio-economic group have been produced yearly since 2004.

From 1993 onwards, preliminary data have also been produced on employment. However, when using these preliminary data it should be borne in mind that due to their incompleteness, the number of employed persons in the preliminary data has deviated until the end of 2005 by ±1 per cent from the final figures for the whole country. At present, the variation is 0.2 to 0.3 per cent. Variation may be larger than this by municipality.

Classifications used

The statistics are compiled by all regional divisions based on municipalities, such as the whole country, province, region, sub-regional unit and municipality. Data can also be produced by postal code area and divisions based on map co-ordinates, e.g. by municipal sub-area.

Apart from regional classifications, classifications of industries, sectors, occupations, levels of education and socio-economic groups are also used in these statistics.

Data collection methods and data sources

The statistics are based on around 30 administrative and statistical data files. The most important data sources are:

• Population information system (Population Register Centre)

• Various taxation data

• Various private sector employment and service relationship registers

• State and municipal employment relationship registers

• Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment's Jobseeker Register

• Pension registers of the Social Insurance Institution and the Finnish Centre for Pensions

• Various student registers

• Conscripts Register of the General Staff of the Armed Forces

• Statistics Finland's Register of Enterprises and Establishments and the Register of Public Corporations

• Statistics Finland’s Register of Completed Education and Degrees

In addition, the statistics are included in two different enterprise data collections: the inquiry on establishment structure and personnel and the collection of data on occupations.

Data collections

Updating frequency

The statistics are produced yearly. The data describe the situation on the last day of the year.

Time of completion or release

Preliminary data are completed around 12 months from the end of the reference period. Of the final data, those on the population's main activity and occupational status are completed approximately 14 months and the remainder 21 to 22 months after the end of the reference period.

Time series

The population and definitions of the employment statistics have remained more or less the same since 1987, when regular production of the statistics was started. However, the classifications used in the statistics have changed along with years. For example, the Standard Industrial Classification was amended in 1993, 2001 and 2007 and the Classification of Occupations in 1995 and 2010. The changes in the classifications have an effect on the comparability of the years, because it was not possible to build complete conversion keys between all the classifications.


dependency ratio, employed persons, employment, entrepreneurs, foreigners, industrial structure, industries, labour force, nationality, occupations, population, private sector, public sector, risk of unemployment, socio-economic group, status in employment, unemployed, unemployment, workplaces

Contact information

Additional information

The data are also published in Statistics Finland’s StatFin and Population data services online. In addition, special compilations and material for research purposes are also made from the employment statistics to customers’ requirements.

Last updated 01.02.2022