Frequently asked questions
This page contains questions and answers related to statistics and information search. Frequently asked questions related to data collections can be found in the Data collections section.
Where can I find statistics?
Statistical data are published on the stat.fi web pages. The page Statistical data contains 14 topics describing society. When you click on a topic, you can see the statistics related to that topic.
Each set of statistics has its own home page where you can easily access
- The database tables of the statistics, from which you can select the figures yourself
- Releases and other publications, in which experts highlight the development of the phenomenon and their observations on new data
- The documentation of the statistics, that is, a description of the production of the statistics
- Older data of the statistics published before the website renewal
The most detailed data, for example, data by municipality, are published in the database tables. Statistics Finland’s most extensive open statistical database is called StatFin.
- StatFin statistical database
- All Statistics Finland's statistical databases
- User instructions for Statistics Finland’s statistical databases
How do I find the population of a municipality for the whole year and by month?
The population by municipality can be found in the StatFin database, where the figure is also available by region and hospital district, for example.
- Population by age at the end of the year: Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area
- Monthly preliminary data on population by municipality: Preliminary population structure by area
- Key figures on the population in the municipality at the end of the year (for example, change in the population, number and share of working-age people, number and share of persons with foreign background): Key figures on population by region
How do I find the population projection for a municipality and the whole country?
The population projection by municipality can be found in the StatFin database. The projection on the municipality level is available until 2040. The projection on the level of the whole country is available until 2070.
- Population projection by municipality: Population projection 2021: Population according to age and sex by area, 2021-2040
- Population projection for the whole country until 2070: Population by age and sex in population projections for different years, whole country
How many people live in Finland?
Key population data can be found in the Population and Society section of the Finland in Figures service. More detailed data on Finland's population are available in the statistics on population structure and its database tables.
- Home page of the statistics on population structure
- Database tables of the statistics on population structure
How many foreigners are there in Finland?
The Finland in Figures service contains the table Population by citizenship. The database tables of the statistics on population structure contain more data on language groups, foreign citizens and population by country of birth, nationality and native language.
How many representatives of different religions or religious communities are there in Finland?
Belonging to religious communities is included in the statistics on population structure. It should be noted that in Finland only persons belonging to religious communities are included in statistics and not all persons practising a religion belong to religious communities.
What are the most popular first names of men and women?
The Digital and Population Data Services Agency publishes information on the numbers of first and last names in Finland. In addition to the name service, information on first and last names can be found in Excel tables in the avoindata.fi service.
- Digital and Population Data Services Agency: Name service
- Finnish names in the Population information system as open data
Where can I find information about the causes of death of Finns?
The statistics on causes of death contain data on the causes of death of Finns. More detailed data on causes of death can be found in the database tables.
How can I get a death certificate of my relative?
The closest relative (in a direct line) or a similar close person may obtain a copy of the death certificate. The death certificates from 1936 to 1965 are located in the National Archive. More recent death certificates are archived at Statistics Finland. Instructions for requesting a copy of the certificate can be found on the page of the archive of death certificates.
How do I find the Cost-of-living Index and check rents?
The Cost-of-living Index point figures needed for checking rents can be found in the table of the Consumer Price Index ”Cost-of-living index 1951:10=100”. The most recent point figure is also updated on the day of the release in the key figures published on Statistics Finland’s front page.
Instructions (in Finnish) on calculating the rent increase can be found on the page Vuokran tarkistaminen elinkustannusindeksillä.
How do I convert Finnish markka or euro of different years to correspond to today's money?
Finnish markka of the years 1860 to 2001 and euro from 2002 onwards can be converted to today's money by means of the value of money converter or a coefficient.
Where can I find gross domestic product and GDP calculated per person?
Information about gross domestic product can be found in the Finland in Figures service under National Accounts. More detailed statistical data concerning GDP can be found in the database tables of Annual national accounts.
Where can I find information on exports and imports of goods?
Data on exports and imports of goods between Finland and other countries can be found in the statistics on international trade in goods compiled by Finnish Customs. Detailed data on international trade can be found in Finnish Customs’ Uljas database.
Where can I find price information for food?
Price data on food have previously been published in the Consumer Price Index tables, but these data are no longer published. Data can be calculated as a chargeable assignment.
Where can I find the industrial classifications?
An easy way to search for the industrial classifications is to use the Classification expert (in Finnish only). The Classification expert can help you find the correct category by means of a search word.
How many enterprises are there in a certain industry in Finland?
The numbers of enterprises on the main category level of the industrial classification can be found in the section Enterprises in the Finland in Figures service.
Data on the number of enterprises at more detailed levels of the industrial classification can be found in the database tables of structural business and financial statement statistics.
The enterprise unit describes economic entities instead of administrative structures. One or several enterprise units can be formed from the group’s legal units (Business ID). Read more about the implementation of the enterprise unit in statistics production.
Where can I find information on industrial structure?
The share of workplaces in primary production, secondary production and services can be found by region in the Municipal key figures database.
The most recent data on country level can be calculated from the numbers of employed persons by industry in the Labour Force Survey (agriculture and forestry = groups A and B, industry and construction = groups C–F and services and administration = groups G–U).
- Employed persons and employees aged 15-74 and hours actually worked by employed persons and employees by industry (TOL 2008), quarterly data
What is the average pay of Finns? What about the average pays for various occupations?
The average monthly pay can be derived from the database table 11zu -- Average monthly earnings by sector and gender, 2000Q1– (quarterly information) or the database table 122k -- Average monthly earnings by sector and gender, 2000– (annual information).
- Home page of the index of wage and salary earnings
- Database tables of the index of wage and salary earnings
Average pay by occupation can be found in the structure of earnings statistics. The most detailed data can be found in the database tables of the structure of earnings statistics.
More detailed information about wages and salaries by occupational title is available in the database tables by employer sector.
- Database tables of the statistics on central government monthly salaries
- Database tables of the statistics on local government sector wages and salaries
- Database tables of the statistics on private sector monthly salaries (only in Finnish and in Swedish)
Where can I find sales prices of dwellings by area?
The sales prices of dwellings are released monthly in the statistics on prices of dwellings in housing companies. The most detailed data by municipality and type of building, for example, can be found in the database tables.
- Home page of the statistics on prices of dwellings in housing companies
- Database tables of the statistics on prices of dwellings in housing companies
Data on prices of single-family houses can be found in the statistics on real estate prices.
Where can I find average rents for dwellings?
The statistics on rents of dwellings are released quarterly. The statistics contain the rents of government-subsidised and non-subsidised dwellings by area and number of rooms. The annual statistics also contain data by year of construction. The most detailed data can be found in the database tables.
- Home page of the statistics on rents of dwellings
- Database tables of the statistics on rents of dwellings
How many free-time residences are there in Finland?
Statistics Finland publishes data on the number of free-time residences in the statistics on buildings and free-time residences. Data on free-time residences are available by year of construction, floor area, the owner's age and municipality of residence. The most detailed data can be found in the database tables.
- Home page of the statistics on buildings and free-time residences
- Database tables of the statistics on buildings and free-time residences
How do I know if the message I received comes from Statistics Finland?
Statistics Finland sends a letter or an email in advance to the persons selected for the survey. It contains information on what data will be collected, how they are collected and for what the data will be used. All surveys carried out by Statistics Finland are listed on the data collection pages. Statistics Finland never asks for your personal details or other information by email.
Among those who have answered its voluntary data collections, Statistics Finland yearly draws prizes, such as vouchers. The data protection description of the draws (in Finnish and in Swedish) can be found on Statistics Finland’s web pages. Winning a prize never requires making any payments or giving payment details.