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Published: 14 February 2013

Fewer open job vacancies in the last quarter than one year earlier

According to the Job Vacancy Survey of Statistics Finland, there were 32,300 open job vacancies in the last quarter of 2012, which is less than one year earlier (33,500). The measurement for the last quarter was taken on 1 December. In the whole of 2012, there were, however, seven per cent more open job vacancies, on the average, than in 2011.

Job vacancies 2011/IV – 2012/IV

  Year/Quarter Year
       2011/IV        2012/IV        2011        2012
Job vacancies 33 500 32 300 45 600 48 600
Part-time 15 % 19 % 20 % 17 %
Fixed term 33 % 38 % 44 % 46 %
Hard-to-fill vacancies 45 % 35 % 40 % 37 %
Annual figures on job vacancies are averages of quarterly figures.

In all, 19,700, or 61 per cent, of the job vacancies in the last quarter of 2012 were in private enterprises. Compared with the quarter one year earlier, the number of job vacancies decreased especially in manufacturing, mining and other manufacturing activities (-1,100), in professional, scientific and technical activities, and in administrative and support service activities (-800), and in construction (-800), but increased in public administration and defence, education, health and social work (+2,600). Examined by area, open job vacancies went down in the Helsinki-Uusimaa region (-3,500), but grew elsewhere in the major region of Southern Finland (+2,400).

In the last quarter of 2012, the proportion of part-time vacancies among all vacancies increased by four percentage points and that of fixed-term vacancies by five percentage points from the respective quarter of the year before. Thirty-five per cent of open job vacancies were hard-to-fill, which is ten percentage points less than in the last quarter of the year before.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on job vacancies quarterly since the beginning of 2002. The statistics are based on a sample of establishments of enterprises and general government. The data are collected with telephone interviews and web questionnaires. The statistics are decreed by a regulation of the European Union. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

The sampling method and production system of the Job Vacancy Survey are being renewed. Data based on the new method will be released on 7 June 2013. More detailed information on the changes will be published on the internet pages of job vacancies (in Finnish)

Source: Job vacancy survey 2012, 4th quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Antti Halmetoja 09 1734 3763,

Director in charge: Riitta Harala

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Updated 14.2.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 4th quarter 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 11.12.2023].
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