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Published: 16 August 2017

More open job vacancies in the second quarter than one year earlier

According to the Job Vacancy Survey of Statistics Finland, there were 36,800 open job vacancies in the second quarter of 2017, while the figure was 30,600 one year before. The number of job vacancies increased mainly in the major regions of Southern Finland and Helsinki-Uusimaa. The reference period of the data is 1 June.

Job vacancies 2016/II – 2017/II

2016/II 2017/II
Number Share, % Number Share, %
Job vacancies 30 600   36 800  
Part-time 8 400 27 4 800 13
Fixed term 13 300 43 12 100 33
Hard-to-fill vacancies 15 300 50 20 000 54
The sub-groups are not mutually exclusive so their sum does not correspond with the total number of open job vacancies.

In the second quarter of 2017, in all, 26,200 or 71 per cent of the job vacancies were in establishments owned by private enterprises. One year earlier, the corresponding share was 77 per cent. The number of open job vacancies increased compared to the previous year particularly in large establishments with at least 50 employees (+3,300). When examined by the industry of the establishment, job vacancies increased most in the industry groups of public administration, education, human health and social work activities (O-Q), and manufacturing, mining and quarrying and other manufacturing activities (B-E).

In the second quarter, 13 per cent of all job vacancies were part-time, which is 14 percentage points lower than one year earlier. The share of fixed-term positions in all open job vacancies was 33 per cent, which is 10 percentage points lower than in the same quarter one year ago. Employers estimated that 54 per cent of the open job vacancies were hard-to-fill, while one year earlier, such posts made up 50 per cent of open vacancies. For example, establishments in construction and trade had plenty of jobs considered hard to fill.

Statistics Finland has been collecting data on open job vacancies quarterly since 2002. The inquiry is directed to persons responsible for recruitment in private and public sector establishments. The data provider can respond either using the web questionnaire or through a telephone interview. The data collection includes approximately 2,500 different establishments in every quarter. The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 453/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council. The objective is to produce up-to-date and comparable information about the number and structure of job openings on the labour markets of EU Member States.

More information about open job vacancies is available in the appendix tables of this release and in the database tables of the statistics (only in Finnish). The figures in the tables are rounded, for which reason the sums do not always amount to the totals. The accuracy of figures and standard errors are explained in the quality description of the statistical release (only in Finnish).

Latest data on open job vacancies published by the EU can be found on Eurostat's home page

Source: Job vacancy survey 2017, 2nd quarter. Statistics Finland.

Inquiries: Minna Wallenius 029 551 2749,

Director in charge: Jari Tarkoma

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Tables in databases

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Appendix tables


Updated 16.8.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Job vacancy survey [e-publication].
ISSN=1798-2278. 2nd quarter 2017. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 2.3.2024].
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