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Published: 21 June 2017

Total energy consumption fell by 4 per cent in January to March

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in January to March amounted to 373 petajoule (PJ), which was four per cent less than in the corresponding period in 2016. Electricity consumption amounted to 24 terawatt hours (TWh), or three per cent lower than one year earlier. Carbon dioxide emissions of the energy sector declined by eight per cent year-on-year.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

Among fuels, the consumption of coal decreased most, by 13 per cent. The consumption of natural gas went down by 12 per cent, and that of peat by nine per cent. The consumption of oil fell by two per cent. The consumption of wood fuels remained at last year's level.

The volume of electricity produced with hydro power was 24 per cent lower than in January to March 2016. Net imports of electricity remained at last year’s level and its share in total electricity consumption was 22 per cent. The volume of electricity produced with wind power more than doubled.

In January to March, diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 2.3 billion, which was 46 per cent more than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia, whose share of the value of imports was 65 per cent. Energy products were exported to the value of EUR 1.1 billion, which was 52 per cent more than one year previously. Most energy products were exported from Finland to EU countries, which accounted for 82 per cent of the value of exports.

Stocks of coal amounted to 14 TWh at the end of March, which was 30 per cent less than one year earlier. At the end of March, it was estimated that the peat stocks contained 10 TWh of energy peat, or 19 per cent less than one year earlier.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source I/2017* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 1) 1) 75,146 -2 20
Coal 2) 35,498 -13 10
Natural gas 3) 26,010 -12 7
Nuclear Energy 4) 64,646 -2 17
Net Imports of Electricity 5) 19,080 0 5
Hydro power 5) 11,597 -24 3
Wind power 5) 4,766 97 1
Peat 20,349 -9 6
Wood fuels 98,672 0 27
Others 6) 17,039 -13 5
Bunkers 10,156 6 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 12 -8 .
* = Preliminary data
. = Category not applicable
1) Oil: includes the bio part of transport fuels.
2) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
3) The consumption of natural gas does not include raw material use.
4) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
5) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
6) Others: includes exothermic heat from industry, recovered fuels, heat pumps, hydrogen, biogas, other bioenergy and solar energy.

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Ville Vertanen

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 21.6.2017

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2017. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.2.2024].
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