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Published: 22 March 2013

Total energy consumption fell by 2 per cent in 2012

According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, total energy consumption in 2012 amounted to around 1,367 PJ (petajoule), or 380 TW (terawatt hours), which was two per cent less than in 2011. Consumption of electricity amounted to 85.2 TWh, up by 1.1 per cent year-on-year. Consumption of energy decreased by two per cent in transport and manufacturing, but the use of heating energy of buildings increased by over six per cent. Net imports of electricity to Finland went up by nearly 26 per cent. Carbon dioxide emissions from the production and use of energy diminished by close on eight per cent because six per cent less fossil fuels and 22 per cent less peat were used. The use of principally renewable energy went up by five per cent, since the energy produced with fossil fuels and peat was replaced more with imported electricity as well as with wood and domestic hydro power. According to preliminary data for 2012, renewable energy accounted for 30 per cent of total energy consumption.

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions

Total energy consumption, final consumption and carbon dioxide emissions

Among individual energy sources, the largest reduction of 22 per cent was seen in the consumption of peat (19 PJ), while the second largest reduction of over 11 per cent was recorded in the consumption of coal (17 PJ). The shortage of peat was partly replaced with wood and with coal as well. Consumption of natural gas diminished by over 11 per cent (14 PJ). Net imports of electricity grew by 13 PJ, or by some 26 per cent, and consumption of nuclear energy by 2 PJ, or by around one per cent. Nearly one-quarter of Finland's total energy consumption was covered with wood fuels, which is almost as large as consumption of oil. According to preliminary calculations, the use of wood fuels grew by one per cent. The growth in the use of wood fuels was partly due to their increased use in heating instead of peat.

Final consumption of energy went up by one per cent. According to preliminary data, the share of manufacturing in final energy consumption was 46 per cent, which was one per cent lower in 2012 than twelve months before. Space heating of buildings accounts for one-quarter of final energy consumption, up by six per cent in 2012 because of the colder year. The use of energy consumption in transport went down by two per cent, the share of consumption remained almost on level with the year before.

Over 20 per cent of the electricity consumed in Finland was covered with imported electricity. Imports of electricity from the Nordic markets grew over seven-fold, being larger than imports of electricity from Russia. Imports of electricity from Russia decreased by 60 per cent. Domestic production of electricity went down by nearly four per cent. The production of condensate power decreased by 42 per cent, partly due to improved supply of hydro power in Sweden and Norway. Combined heat and power production diminished by almost 11 per cent. Combined heat and power production decreased by seven per cent in industry's combined power plants and by close on 11 per cent in district heating plants. The production of electricity by hydro power in Finland decreased by 35 per cent from one year earlier.

Diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 13.4 billion in 2012, which was one per cent less than in 2011. Correspondingly, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 6.3 billion, which was 13 per cent more than one year previously. The growth in Finland's energy products was due to livelier exporting of medium distillates and heavy fuel oil. In December, stocks of coal amounted to some 27 TWh, which was over 14 per cent less than one year earlier. Stocks of peat amounted to around 7.4 TWh in December, or some 35 per cent down on the year before.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source 4) 2012* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 331,499 -2 24
Coal 1) 131,849 -11 10
Natural gas 115,973 -11 8
Nuclear Energy 2) 240,760 -1 18
Net Imports of Electricity 3) 62,796 26 5
Hydro and Wind Power 3) 61,455 34 4
Peat 66,030 -22 5
Wood fuels 318,721 1 23
Others 38,730 7 3
Bunkers 30,888 -12 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 48 -8 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Pentti Wanhatalo 09 1734 2685,

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 22.3.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 4th quarter 2012. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.2.2024].
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