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Published: 20 June 2013

Domestic energy replaced with imported energy

According to Statistics Finland's preliminary data, total energy consumption in the first quarter of 2013 amounted to around 392 petajoule (PJ), which is one per cent lower than one year earlier in 2012. The consumption of electricity amounted to 24.6 terawatt hours (TWh), which is almost at the same level as one year before. Net imports of electricity went down by around 1 TWh, or by about 22 per cent. Imported electricity was replaced with domestic production, but mainly with imported energy. The consumption of hard coal went up by 24 per cent (11 PJ) and production of coal condensate grew by 48 per cent. The shortage of peat during the heating period was replaced with wood fuels and hard coal. The consumption of peat fell by 32 per cent. Carbon dioxide emissions were on level with the corresponding period of the year before.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

Among individual energy sources, the largest reduction of 32 per cent was seen in the consumption of peat (9.4 PJ), while the second largest reduction of four per cent was recorded in the consumption of oil (3.3 PJ). Peat was partly replaced with wood as well as with coal. The consumption of natural gas diminished by four per cent (1.6 PJ). The consumption of nuclear energy went down by 0.7 PJ, or by around one per cent. Nearly one-quarter of Finland's total energy consumption was covered with wood fuels, which is more than consumption of oil. According to preliminary calculations, the use of wood fuels grew by three per cent. Wood fuels were used more than before in heating.

Domestic production of electricity increased by five per cent. Around 17 per cent of the electricity consumed in Finland was covered with imported electricity. Imports of electricity from Russia decreased by ten per cent in the first quarter of the year. The production of condensate power increased by 48 per cent, which was caused by worse availability of hydro power in Sweden and Norway. Combined heat and power production remained on the same level as last year. Combined heat and power production increased by eight per cent in industry's combined power plants, but decreased by four per cent in district heating plants. The production of electricity by wind power in Finland increased by 15 per cent from one year earlier.

Diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR 3.7 billion in 2013, which was five per cent more than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia. Correspondingly, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 1.8 billion, which was 16 per cent more than one year previously. The majority of energy products were exported from Finland to OECD countries. Growth was due to livelier exports and imports of medium distillates and petrol. In March, stocks of coal amounted to some 20 TWh, which was 26 per cent less than one year earlier. Stocks of peat were nearly burnt out during the winter. At the end of April, stocks of fuel peat were estimated to be around two TWh.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Energy source 4) I/2013* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 79,408 -4 20
Coal 1) 56,340 24 14
Natural gas 38,559 -4 10
Nuclear Energy 2) 65,086 -1 17
Net Imports of Electricity 3) 13,181 -22 3
Hydro and Wind Power 3) 14,396 4 4
Peat 20,056 -32 5
Wood fuels 96,581 3 25
Others 8,585 0 2
Bunkers 7,623 3 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 15 0 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Pentti Wanhatalo 09 1734 2685,

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 20.6.2013

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2013. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.2.2024].
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