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Published: 3 December 2020

Domestic material consumption fell by three per cent from the previous year

Altogether 178 million tonnes of natural resources were taken into use in Finland in 2019. The figure was the lowest in the 2010s, over a sixth lower than in 2013 when the figure was at its highest. Compared to the level of 2017 to 2018, the fall was considerably smaller, good one per cent.

Domestic material consumption 2007 to 2019

Million tonnes 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Domestic direct inputs 195 196 169 187 186 185 215 170 167 172 180 180 178
Foreign direct inputs 64 69 53 60 62 56 59 58 54 57 57 60 57
Exports 44 42 35 43 45 44 45 45 42 44 45 49 51
Domestic material consumption 215 223 187 204 203 197 229 183 179 186 191 191 185

Domestic material consumption, one indicator of sustainable development, was three per cent lower in 2019 than in 2017 to 2018. The fall was mainly due to decreased direct domestic inputs and imports, as well as a slight growth in exports. The fall was mostly due to a decrease of good five per cent in soil extraction. Indicators for sustainable development .

Use of direct inputs by material group 2007 to 2019, million tonnes

Use of direct inputs by material group 2007 to 2019, million tonnes

Domestic material consumption is calculated by adding imports to domestic direct inputs (introduced natural resources) and by subtracting exports. Of the natural resources introduced in 2019, altogether 28 per cent were wood and other plants, 28 per cent mineral ores and 42 per cent soil materials. In imports most weight was laid on crude oil, 30 per cent and timber, 17 per cent of the total weight of imports. Of the weight of exports, oil refined products and forest industry products had the biggest shares.

Total material requirement amounted to good 600 million tonnes in 2019, which is also over five per cent lower than in the year before. In addition to domestic direct inputs and imports, total material requirement includes unused extraction related to forestry and the extractive industry, as well as hidden flows from imports. The decrease in total material requirement was particularly caused by the decrease in ore and soil extraction, the related unused extraction, and the imports of metals and metal products and their hidden flows.

Source: Economy-wide material flow accounts 2019, Statistics Finland

Inquiries: Niina Lesonen 029 551 3406,

Head of Department in charge: Mari Ylä-Jarkko

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Updated 3.12.2020

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Economy-wide material flow accounts [e-publication].
ISSN=2242-1289. 2019. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 22.2.2024].
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