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Published: 19 June 2014

Correction on 27 June 2014. Warm early part of the year decreased energy consumption

Correction. The calculation errors in preliminary data for the 1st quarter of 2014 have been corrected on 27 June 2014. The corrections are indicated in red.

According to Statistics Finland’s preliminary data, the warm early part of the year decreased total energy consumption. It was around 380 petajoule (PJ) in the first quarter of the year, which was nearly five per cent less than in 2013. Electricity consumption amounted to 23.9 terawatt hours (TWh), which is 2.8 per cent lower than in last year's corresponding period. Imports of electricity from the Nordic countries grew 2.5-fold as a result of good availability of hydro power. For this reason, domestic separate production of electricity went down by 46 per cent, which turned the consumption of coal to a decline. Carbon dioxide emissions in energy production fell by 7.5 per cent from the corresponding period last year.

Total energy consumption

Total energy consumption

Among individual energy sources, the largest reduction of 24 per cent was seen in the consumption of coal ( 13 PJ), while the second largest reduction of 16 per cent was recorded in the consumption of natural gas ( 5.9 PJ). The consumption of oil also diminished by 7 per cent ( 5.7 PJ). In turn, the consumption of peat grew by 22 per cent in the first quarter of the year ( 4.3 PJ). This was due to the exceptionally low use of peat last year over the corresponding period. One-quarter of Finland's total energy consumption was covered with wood fuels.

Domestic production of electricity decreased by eight per cent. Twenty per cent of the electricity consumed in Finland was covered with imported electricity. Net imports of electricity increased by 28 per cent in the first quarter. The volume of electricity imported from Sweden grew 2.5-fold. Imports of electricity from Russia in turn fell by 54 per cent. Exports of electricity to Estonia rose to a new level, 1.2 TWh, which was triple the amount in the corresponding period of the previous year. Combined heat and power production went down by seven per cent as the demand for district heat decreased on account of the warm early part of the year. The production of wind power grew by 78 per cent.

Diverse energy products were imported into Finland to the value of EUR three billion in the first quarter of 2014, which was 18 per cent less than one year earlier. Most energy products were imported from Russia. Correspondingly, energy products were exported from Finland to the value of EUR 1.4 billion, which was 22 per cent less than one year previously. Most energy products were exported from Finland to OECD countries. The fall was due to lower imports of crude oil and medium distillates and decreased exports of petrol. In March, stocks of coal amounted to some 18 TWh, which was 9 per cent less than one year earlier. At the end of April, stocks of fuel peat were estimated to be around 8.8 TWh.

Total energy consumption by source (TJ) and CO2 emissions (Mt)

Corrected on 27 June 2014. The corrections are indicated in red.
Energy source 4) I/2014* Annual change-%* Percentage share of
total energy consumption*
Oil 72 865 -7 19
Coal 1) 40 395 - 24 11
Natural gas 32 211 - 16 8
Nuclear Energy 2) 65 198 0 17
Net Imports of Electricity 3) 16 853 28 4
Hydro and Wind Power 3) 15 180 5 4
Peat 24 019 22 6
Wood fuels 98 397 -2 26
Others 14 330 -11 4
Bunkers 7 489 -32 .
CO2 emissions from energy sector 13 -7 .
1) Coal: includes hard coal, coke, blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.
2) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Nuclear power: 10.91 TJ/GWh (33% total efficiency)
3) Conversion of electricity generation into fuel units: Hydro power, wind power and net imports of electricity: 3.6 TJ/GWh (100%)
4) *Preliminary

Source: Statistics Finland, Energy supply and consumption

Inquiries: Ville Maljanen 029 551 2691,

Director in charge: Leena Storgårds

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Revisions in these statistics

Updated 19.6.2014

Referencing instructions:

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF): Energy supply and consumption [e-publication].
ISSN=1799-7976. 1st quarter 2014. Helsinki: Statistics Finland [referred: 27.2.2024].
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