Health and Social Protection

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Health care expenditure

Current expenditure, public and private financing

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1) Excl. occupational, student and oral health care. Incl. home nursing until 2014
2) Excl. long-term care in primary health care and specialised health care. Incl. home care from 2015

Primary health care and specialised health care

  2000 2010 2018 2019 2020 2021
Thousand
Health centres
 Outpatient visits 1) 25 131 27 191 I   25 138 23 804 20 935 31 028
  General practitioner visits 10 350 7 129 I    6 444 5 949 4 664 4 803
 Others 14 780 18 796 I   18 694 117 855 16 271 26 225
 Specialised health care
Outpatient visits 2) 5 693 7 858 10 495 11 268 11 166 12 884
Day-surgery stays 219 287 426 457 445 460
Inpatient stays 962 816 734 731 662 656

1) Excl. dental care, occupational health care, home care and home service
2) Incl. visits to public specialised health care

l  line across a time series shows substantial breaks in the homogeneity of a series

Social protection expenditure by function

Function 2010 2020 2021
€ million % € million % € million %
Sickness and health 13 468 24,6 16 761 22,1 17 746 22,7
Disability 6 427 11,7 6 902 9,1 6 956 8,9
Old age 19 171 35,0 30 048 42,2 32 703 41,9
Survivors 1 724 3,1 1 858 2,4 1 857 2,4
Family and children 5 845 10,7 7 322 9,6 7 882 10,1
Unemployment 4 370 8,0 5 308 7,0 5 032 6,4
Housing 923 1,7 2 203 2,9 2 238 2,9
Other social protection 1 425 2,6 2 282 3,0 2 429 3,1
Administration 1 480 2,7 1 206 1,6 1 293 1,7
Total 54 832 100 75 891 100 78 135 100
Ratio to GDP, % 29,3   31,9   31,2  

Recipients of family allowances

  2000 2010 2020 2022
Parental allowances
 Mothers 97 359 103 577 79 666 80 310
 Fathers 42 924 56 393 58 170 61 655
Recipients of maternity grant
incl. adoption grant
55 228 60 188 49 177 43 960
Child benefit, December
 Recipients 586 834 561 534 538 210 532 964
 Children 1 063 680 1 014 910 977 024 957 711
Child care allowances 31.12.
 Recipients 84 657 89 701 66 968 62 344
 Children 126 963 126 995 80 811 71 467
Child maintenance allowance 31.12.
 Recipients . . 66 384 69 954 65 410
 Children 107 962 97 776 101 814 94 204

Recipients of unemployment benefits
on 31 December 2022

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Pension recipients

The same individual may be the beneficiary of more than one type of
pension

Pension benefit 2000 2010 2020 2022
Old-age pension 869 672 1 093 267 1 397 155 1 439 497
Disability pension 276 269 267 248 193 629 182 586
Unemployment pension 54 291 33 938 - -
Part-time pension 24 533 28 764 291 30
Special pensions for farmers 40 845 24 330 8 409 6 004
Surviving spouse's pension 252 798 263 176 220 395 214 447
Orphan's pension 28 476 22 503 15 994 15 993
Total 1 284 145 1 463 835 1 617 561 1 648 018

Total pension distribution among pension recipients on 31 December 2022

People living in Finland who receive an old-age (excl. partial old-age),
disability or special farmer’s pension

Total pension, €/month Total % Males % Females %
0–   799 41 233 2,7 13 705 2,0 27 528 3,3
800–1 099 257 397 17,0 103 725 15,1 153 672 18,6
1 100–1 399 283 645 18,7 100 206 14,6 183 439 22,2
1 400–1 699 238 908 15,8 91 264 13,3 147 644 17,8
1 700–1 999 202 386 13,4 89 075 13,0 113 311 13,7
2 000–2 299 152 731 10,1 76 365 11,1 76 366 9,2
2 300–2 599 103 720 6,8 57 537 8,4 46 183 5,6
2 600–2 899 69 470 4,6 40 958 6,0 28 512 3,4
2 900–3 199 46 761 3,1 29 403 4,3 17 358 2,1
3 200– 118 399 7,8 84 467 12,3 33 932 4,1
Total 1 514 650 100 686 705 100 827 945 100
Average pension, €/month 1 845   2 070   1 658  

Housing benefits

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Main topic: Health and social protection

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 7 Aug 2023