Housing and construction

Finland in Figures is an information package about Finland and Finns. 

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Buildings and free-time residences

Building type 2005 2010 2020 2022
One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses 1 066 220 1 113 020 1 169 903 1 168 455
Terraced houses 72 620 77 015 84 022 84 883
Blocks of flats 56 195 58 669 65 479 66 418
Other buildings 185 760 197 392 217 246 222 187
Total 1 380 795 1 446 096 1 536 650 1 541 943
Free-time residences 1) 474 277 489 232 508 289 509 652
Saunas in flats 2) 1 366 414 1 501 567 1 719 650 1 751 953

1) Since 2020 incl. rental holiday cottages, excl. detached houses in leisure-time use
2) The total number of saunas was estimated to be over 2,4 million at the end of 2022

Permanently occupied dwellings

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

  2010 2020 2021 2022
Household-dwelling units, total 2 537 197 2 766 679 2 793 636 2 816 206
Type of building % % % %
One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses 40,4 38,2 37,9 37,6
Terraced houses 13,9 13,5 13,5 13,4
Blocks of flats 43,7 46,8 47,0 47,4
Other buildings 2,0 1,5 1,6 1,5
Tenure status % % % %
Owner-occupied dwellings 65,5 62,3 61,7 61,4
Rented dwellings 30,4 34,4 35,2 35,4
Right of occupancy dwellings 1,3 1,8 1,8 1,9
Other form of tenure or unknown 2,7 1,5 1,3 1,3
Occupancy rate of dwellings  
Floor area per household-dwelling unit, m2

81,2

80,9

80,7 80,6
Floor area per person, m2 39,1 41,3 41,5 41,7
Persons in overcrowded household-dwelling units 1), % 17,9 16,1 15,8 15,7

1) More than one person per room, excl. kitchen

Household-dwelling units by size and type of building, 2022

A household-dwelling unit consists of all persons occupying the same dwelling on a permanent basis

Size of household­dwelling unit Total % One-dwelling and two-dwelling houses Terraced houses Blocks of flats Other buildings
1 person 1 306 125 46,4 258 470 175 614 844 116 27 925
2 persons 902 678 32,1 430 117 120 387 342 415 9 759
3 persons 274 176 9,7 147 933 40 759 82 738 2 746
4+ persons 333 227 11,8 222 990 40 788 66 589 2 860
Total 2 816 206 100 1 059 510 377 548 1 335 858 43 290

Completed buildings and dwellings

Completed buildings 2000 2010 2020 2022
Mil. m3
Total 39,06 35,31 37,34 38,98
Residential 13,56 11,10 12,48 12,86
Commercial and office buildings 6,20 5,56 4,83 5,46
Industrial buildings and warehouses 8,17 7,49 9,40 10,89
Other 11,12 11,16 10,63 9,77
Completed dwellings 2000 2010 2020 2022
Number
Total 35 362 25 427 39 039 41 636
Detached and semi-detached houses 18 170 13 629 10 315 10 956
Blocks of flats 16 772 11 140 28 062 30 392
Residential buildings for communities 18 213 - -
Dwellings of special groups - 85 163 87
Other than residential buildings 402 360 499 201

Completed dwellings

Content available in Excel format.
 

Dwellings by year of construction, 2022

Volume index of newbuilding 2015 = 100

New buildings, building expansions and alterations comparable to rebuilding

Content available in Excel format.

Building cost index by type of cost 
2000 = 100

Content available in Excel format.

Prices of dwellings in blocks of flats

Year Old dwellings New dwellings
Greater Helsinki Rest of Finland Greater Helsinki Rest of Finland
Unencumbered average prices, €/m2
2015 3 965 1 800 5 111 3 452
2016 4 061 1 817 5 168 3 733
2017 4 249 1 844 5 206 3 859
2018 4 404 1 856 5 450 3 997
2019 4 566 1 871 5 873 4 073
2020 4 851 1 933 6 262 4 238
2021 5 144 2 003 6 441 4 376
2022 5 184 2 043 6 418

4 478

2023* 4 805 1 946 . . . .

* preliminary data

Real price index of old dwellings in blocks of flats, 1983 = 100

Content available in Excel format.
* preliminary data
 

Prices of real estate

Year Old single family houses Single family house plots
Average
price
Index Real price
index
Average
price
Index Real price
index
€/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100 €/m2 2015 = 100 2015 = 100
2015 1 541 100,0 100,0 18,6 100,0 100,0
2016 1 549 100,1 99,8 21,2 98,1 97,8
2017 1 560 98,8 97,7 22,7 97,9 96,9
2018 1 545 96,9 95,0 23,5 103,2 101,1
2019 1 588 96,0 92,9 22,4 100,0 96,9
2020 1 629 97,4 94,0 23,1 107,6 103,9
2021 1 749 103,5 97,8 24,7 115,9 109,6
2022 1 721 103,6 91,4 25,9 121,1 106,9

Average rents of rented dwellings

Year Non-subsidised dwellings  Government-subsidised dwellings 
Greater Helsinki Rest of Finland Greater Helsinki Rest of Finland
€/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month €/m2/month
2015 16,87 11,22 12,19 10,39
2016 17,49 11,51 12,42 10,51
2017 18,39 12,29 12,74 10,72
2018 18,78 12,58 12,98 10,80
2019 19,29 12,85 13,10 10,92
2020 20,12 12,99 13,29 11,05
2021 20,28 13,05 13,41 11,13
2022 20,55 13,54 13,55 11,27
2023 20,83 13,93 13,87 11,62

Main topic: Housing and construction

 

More statistical figures in the StatFin database

Finland in Figures only includes the key figures on Finland and Finns. You can find more figures on various sectors of society in the easy-to-use StatFin database.

The database also provides regional data, such as the population of municipalities.

Last updated 15 Feb 2024